Keynote Talks

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Keynote Talk The Future of Radios

By Behzad Razavi, University of California
Speaker Biography
Behzad Razavi Photo Behzad Razavi is Professor of Electrical Engineering at University of California, Los Angeles, where he conducts research on wireless, wireline, and high-speed analog circuits. He has received awards for his work at ISSCC, ESSCIRC, CICC, and VLSI Circuits Symposium. He has published 170 papers and seven books, and received the 2012 IEEE Donald Pederson Award in Solid-State Circuits.

It is a cold morning. You get into your car and mutter, “Office.’’ While the car begins to navigate the road, you remember today is your spouse’s birthday, whip out your Iphone15, and order a gift, knowing that a drone will drop it off in the afternoon. Now you can catch up with the day’s news during the 30-minute drive to your office, watching videos streaming down from microsatellites up in the heavens. It is the year 2025. Isaac Asimov would have been proud.

Whether or not technology giants such as Google, Apple, and Amazon will bring this vision to reality, they and most other elements of our civilization will increasingly rely on wireless communication. This paper offers perspectives on how the radios in our wireless world will evolve and what challenges they will present to RF designers. Specifically, one can contend that the mobile terminal is likely to further widen its role in our lives and serve as a central command post. It will pay our bills, control our homes, direct our vehicles, communicate our vital signs, and possibly transmit our thoughts. One can also predict three trends in mobile terminal design: (1) the use of “universal radios,’’ radios that seamlessly accommodate many bands with minimal overhead and operate with higher data rates; (2) omission of off-chip filters through architecture innovations; and (3) greater emphasis on low power consumption. Examples of these concepts are presented.


Keynote Talk From Chips for the Living to Living Chips

By Ronald Dekker, Philips / Technical University of Delft
Speaker Biography
Ronald Dekker Ronald Dekker received his MSc in Electrical Engineering from the Technical University of Eindhoven and his PhD from the Technical University of Delft. He joined Philips Research in 1988 where he worked on the development of RF technologies for mobile communication. Since 2000 his focus shifted to the integration of complex electronic sensor functionality on the tip of the smallest minimal invasive instruments such as catheters and guide-wires. In 2007 he was appointed part time professor at the Technical University of Delft with a focus on Organ-on-Chip devices. He published in leading Journals and conferences and holds in excess of 50 patents.

Micro-fabricated devices are finding their way to the frontend of medical equipment, where they are the interface between body, or in general living tissue, and machine. They enable better and cheaper diagnostic equipment, they add ”eyes and ears” to minimally invasive instruments such as laparoscopic instruments and catheters, they allow for un-obtrusive monitoring of body functions, they add functionality to implants, and they enable the development of better and personalized medicines.

Despite their great promise it has been proven difficult to bring these devices out of the laboratory phase into production. One of the reasons is the lack of a suitable fabrication infrastructure. Much more than standard CMOS or MEMS devices, these medical devices rely on the processing of novel materials, especially polymers, in combination with advanced molding, micro-fluidics, and assembly technologies. At the same time these devices have to be fabricated under strict quality control conditions in a certified production environment.

In the recently granted ECSEL project “InForMed” a supply chain for the pilot fabrication of these medical devices is organized, which brings together key European technology partners in an integrated infrastructure linking research to pilot and high volume production. The pilot line is hosted by Philips Innovation Services, and open to third party users.


Keynote Talk Changing the Economics of Space: Small Spacecraft and COTS Electronics

By Luís Gomes, Surrey Satellite Technology Limited
Speaker Biography
Luís GomesLuis Gomes joined Surrey Satellite Technology Limited (SSTL) in 1997 after gaining his degree in Physics and working for a few years in the PoSAT-1 mission and in SAR raw data processing. He started as a Mission Analysis Engineer, being responsible for thermal design at SSTL until 2003. In the meantime he worked on the mission design and analysis of several missions, and run internal and external studies on the use of small satellites for a range of applications then being performed by large satellites. He also completed an MSc in Satellite Engineering, spending time doing research on the effects of spacecraft charging on small spacecraft. He was the system engineer and AIT lead for the Bilsat-1 mission, launched in 2003 and took over the Project Management of the DMC+4 mission at the end of that same year. That mission, launched in 2005, was at the time the most sophisticated SSTL EO mission. He was responsible for the later NigeriaSat-2 programme, running the project until 2008, when he took over the responsibility for the EO business line at SSTL. In that role, he started and guided the development of the S1 high resolution platform, that later led to the DMC3 constellation, and following on from a long standing interest in SAR, he started the NovaSAR project, securing the support from the UK government for that mission. In 2011, he took over the role of Director of Earth Observation and Science. He continues to pursue his interest in using small spacecraft to change the economics of space, driving the introduction in 2013, of the X-series of spacecraft offering smaller, more capable spacecraft for a lower price.

Space was for many years the domain of the Space Agency and large companies, the only ones that could afford the immense cost of planning, designing, building and launching satellites. But access to space has gone through a revolution in the last 10 years. The seeds of this “revolution” were originally sowed in the late 1970s and early 80s, when a handful of engineers and radio amateurs started to build cheap small satellites using Commercial Of The Shelf (COTS) electronics rather than extremely expensive space rated electronics. Originally seen as toys or curiosities, these small, low cost satellites have come of age in the past 10 years and are now taking over the roles of the traditional larger spacecraft. Their low cost allows constellations of these satellites to be built at lower prices than their single expensive predecessors, not only replacing them, but also allowing a completely new range of applications. Constellations of 10s and 100s of satellites for Earth Observation, telecommunications, meteorology, etc. are currently being developed and should be operational in the coming few years.